Home

Monterrasol Travel small group tours Instagram   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Twitter   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Facebook   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Pinterest

Travel with us and discover the world

Places we know

Tours we created



Lithuania


Lithuania highlights

Lithuania is one of the Baltic states in Europe. Situated on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the southeast of Sweden and Denmark, Lithuania is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people as of 2019. The capital and largest city is Vilnius and other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda. Lithuanians are Balts. The official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family, the other being Latvian.






Last reviewed: 21 December 2020

Lithuania description

Lithuania is one of the Baltic states in Europe. Situated on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the southeast of Sweden and Denmark, Lithuania is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people as of 2019. The capital and largest city is Vilnius and other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda. Lithuanians are Balts. The official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family, the other being Latvian.

For centuries, the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea were inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas and the Kingdom of Lithuania was created on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state personal union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighbouring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory.

As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the founding of the modern Republic of Lithuania. During the Second World War, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to proclaim its independence, resulting in the restoration of the independent State of Lithuania.

The first known record of the name of Lithuania is in a 9 March 1009 story of Saint Bruno in the Quedlinburg Chronicle. The Chronicle recorded a Latinized form of the name Lietuva: Litua. Due to the lack of reliable evidence, the true meaning of the name is unknown. Nowadays, scholars still debate the meaning of the word and there are a few plausible versions. Lietava, a small river, the core area of the early Lithuanian state and a possible first capital of the eventual Grand Duchy of Lithuania, is usually credited as the source of the name.

The first people settled in the territory of Lithuania after the last glacial period in the 10th millennium BC: Kunda, Neman and Narva cultures. They were traveling hunters and did not form stable settlements. In the 8th millennium BC, the climate became much warmer, and forests developed. The inhabitants of what is now Lithuania then travelled less and engaged in local hunting, gathering and fresh-water fishing. Agriculture did not emerge until the 3rd millennium BC due to a harsh climate and terrain and a lack of suitable tools to cultivate the land. Crafts and trade also started to form at this time. Over a millennium, the Indo-Europeans, who arrived in the 3rd – 2nd millennium BC, mixed with the local population and formed various Baltic tribes.

The Baltic tribes did not maintain close cultural or political contacts with the Roman Empire, but they did maintain trade contacts. Tacitus, in his study Germania, described the Aesti people, inhabitants of the south-eastern Baltic Sea shores who were probably Balts, around the year 97 AD. The Western Balts differentiated and became known to outside chroniclers first. Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD knew of the Galindians and Yotvingians, and early medieval chroniclers mentioned Old Prussians, Curonians and Semigallians.

The Lithuanian language is considered to be very conservative for its close connection to Indo-European roots. It is believed to have differentiated from the Latvian language, the most closely related existing language, around the 7th century. Traditional Lithuanian pagan customs and mythology, with many archaic elements, were long preserved.

From the 9th to the 11th centuries, coastal Balts were subjected to raids by the Vikings, and the kings of Denmark collected tribute at times. During the 10–11th centuries, Lithuanian territories were among the lands paying tribute to Kievan Rus', and Yaroslav the Wise was among the Ruthenian rulers who invaded Lithuania (from 1040).

Initially inhabited by fragmented Baltic tribes, in the 1230s the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, who was crowned as King of Lithuania on 6 July 1253. After his assassination in 1263, pagan Lithuania was a target of the Christian crusades of the Teutonic Knights and the Livonian Order. Siege of Pilėnai is noted for the Lithuanians' defense against the intruders. Despite the devastating century-long struggle with the Orders, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania expanded rapidly, overtaking former Ruthenian principalities of Kievan Rus'.

Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, is considered as a capital of the Eastern Europe Baroque. Vilnius Old Town that is full of astonishing Baroque churches and other buildings is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Lithuania related tours

We at Monterrasol Travel welcome you to see Lithuania during multi-day small group car tour. Contact us if you would like to customize your tour to Lithuania.

We have developed several small group tours that visiting beautiful Lithuania. But, if you have a special conditions or any from these tours fit you, please do not hesitate to contact us, we can organize a tour exactly as you would like. We charge nothing for develop a custom itinerary. And remember, we have no problems to take you from almost any place where you stay, hotel or private accommodation.


All seasons Baltic tour 21 days from Warsaw. UNESCO medieval towns and Teutonic Knights castles. Discovery tour across Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and north of Poland.

tour starts in: Warsaw, Poland

tour finishes in: Warsaw, Poland

tour duration: 21 days (20 nights)

tour countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland

tour destinations: Augustów, Gdańsk, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Kwidzyn, Liepāja, Malbork, Olsztyn, Ostroda, Pärnu, Reszel, Riga, Sopot, Sztum, Tallinn, Tartu, Trakai, Ventspils, Vilnius, Święta Lipka

Discover Baltic in 21 days all seasons tour from Warsaw. Open to yourself three Baltic countries Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and north of Poland. Visit UNESCO Teutonic Knights castles and medieval European towns. We will start this tour in Warsaw, Poland and visit Augustow on the north of Poland, well known town for relaxing vacations. After that we going to Lithuania, where in Kaunas we need to see a medieval fortress with historical exhibitions and located in old town Kaunas Cathedral Basilica; continue with Lithuania, we will walk in Klaipeda castle. After we move to Latvia to see historical center of two coastal towns Liepaja and Ventspils, and old town of Latvia's capital Riga (UNESCO site). Next we will move to third Baltic country, Estonia, and first place there is historic center of town Parnu and Estonia's capital Tallinn (UNESCO site). We will visit also the cafe-filled Town Hall Square of Tartu, the town famous with 17th century University. On the way back, again in Lithuania, we will meet the country's capital, Vilnius (UNESCO site) and walk the paths of Trakai castle, located on small peninsula in lake. As we return back to Poland, we will visit small village Swieta Lipka, famous church there have unique still active working organ. We will see medieval castles in Reszel, Olsztyn, Ostroda, and finally walk the streets of Malbork castle, the UNESCO site founded in the 13th century by the Knights of the Teutonic Order. Before we return to Warsaw, we will visit also coastal towns Gdansk and Sopot, and take a look on smaller castles in towns Sztum and Kwidzyn.

all seasons tour

21 days

Price from € 3,766

 




Why travel with us

Are our tours right for you?

Why travel with Monterrasol?




Maybe you want?

Create your own custom tour

Order a transfer




Recently added tours

January 10, 2022 Cultural + wine tasting 2 days all seasons Bosnia tour from Korcula. Visit Trebinje, Tvrdos, Blagaj, Medjugorje, Kravica.

January 4, 2022 Off-season 2 days micro tour to Montenegro and Bosnia from Dubrovnik. Ostrog, Trebinje, Tvrdos, Vjetrenica, Zavala.

December 31, 2021 All seasons 3 days micro tour to Montenegro and Bosnia from Dubrovnik. Meet Venetians towns, monasteries, tasty Herzegovina wines.

December 25, 2021 Off-season Bosnia 4 days mini tour with Montenegro Ostrog monastery from Makarska. Kravice waterfalls, Mostar, Blagaj, Pocitelj, Vjetrenica cave, Tvrdos, Trebinje.

December 17, 2021 All seasons Mostar and surrounding discovery tour 2 days. Bosnia UNESCO town Mostar and Blagaj, Medjugorje, Kravica, Pocitelj.




Recently added places

January 17, 2022 Butrint, Albania. Butrint was an ancient Greek and later Roman town and bishopric in Epirus. It declined in Late Antiquity, before being abandoned during the Middle Ages after a major earthquake flooded most of the town. Today it is an archaeological site in Albania, close to the Greek border. The town is considered as one of the most important archaeological sites in Albania. On the strength of the immense wealth of cultural, historical and natural value with a considerable history, Butrint was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1992 and further a National Park in 2000.

November 15, 2021 Koronisia, Greece. Koronisia (sometime also called as Korakonisia) is the largest and only inhabited island in the Ambracian Gulf, in Greece. There is a fishing village of the same name, with two churches and the small castle. Koronisia is known for unique location that is connected to the mainland by 6km long narrow route surrounded from both sides by sea.

November 4, 2021 Bosnian Pyramids, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Bosnian pyramids complex is a pseudoarchaeological notion to explain the formation of a cluster of natural hills in the area of Visoko in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 2005, Semir Osmanagic, also known as Sam Osmanagic, a Bosnian American businessman now based in Houston, Texas, has claimed that these hills are the largest human-made ancient pyramids on Earth. His claims have been overwhelmingly refuted by scientists but he has proceeded to promote the area as a tourist attraction.

October 24, 2021 Elbasan, Albania. Elbasan is a city and a municipality in central Albania, attract visitors by ancient walls of the castle, tuins of the Basilica and ancient theater.

September 11, 2021 Perast, Montenegro. Perast is a small picturesque town on the Bay of Kotor in Montenegro. It is situated a few kilometers from Kotor and is noted for its coast and proximity to two islets, islet of St. George and islet Our Lady of the Rocks.






About us

Places we know

Tours we created

Transfers we offer

Contact us

Our pre-designed small group tours

Create your own custom tour

Order a transfer

Think on future: think on another place

Our library: materials about travel and for travellers

Slow Tourism philosophy

Tours conditions

Privacy policy

Terms and Conditions


 

Follow us! Monterrasol Travel small group tours Instagram   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Twitter   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Facebook   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Pinterest

 

Site version: 3.1 Enhanced (25-August-2021 update) [Small group tours] on

© copyright Monterrasol Travel team