Home

Monterrasol Travel small group tours Instagram   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Twitter   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Facebook   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Pinterest

Travel with us and discover the world

Places we know

Tours we created



Estonia


Estonia highlights

Estonia is a country on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland and of 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, and is influenced by a humid continental climate. Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, and Tartu are the largest cities and urban areas in the country. Other notable cities include Narva, Pärnu, Kohtla-Järve and Viljandi. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the second-most-spoken Finnic language.






Last reviewed: 20 May 2021

Estonia description

Estonia is a country on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland and of 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, and is influenced by a humid continental climate. Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, and Tartu are the largest cities and urban areas in the country. Other notable cities include Narva, Pärnu, Kohtla-Järve and Viljandi. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the second-most-spoken Finnic language.

The name Estonia has been connected to Aesti, first mentioned by Roman historian Tacitus around 98 AD. Some historians believe he was directly referring to Balts (i.e. not Finnic-speaking Estonians), while others have proposed that the name applied to the whole Eastern Baltic region. The Scandinavian sagas referring to Eistland were the earliest sources to use the name in its modern meaning. The toponym Estland/Eistland has been linked to Old Scandinavian eist, austr meaning "the east".

The territory of Estonia has been inhabited since at least 9,000 BC. Ancient Estonians became some of the last European pagans to adopt Christianity following the Livonian Crusade in the 13th century. After centuries of successive rule by Germans, Danes, Swedes, Poles and Russians, a distinct Estonian national identity began to emerge in the 19th and early 20th centuries. This culminated in independence from Russia in 1920 after a brief War of Independence at the end of World War I. Initially democratic prior to the Great Depression, Estonia experienced authoritarian rule from 1934 during the Era of Silence. During World War II (1939–1945), Estonia was repeatedly contested and occupied by the Soviet Union and Germany, ultimately being incorporated into the former. After the loss of its de facto independence, Estonia's de jure state continuity was preserved by diplomatic representatives and the government-in-exile. In 1987 the peaceful Singing Revolution began against Soviet rule, resulting in the restoration of de facto independence on 20 August 1991.

With a population of 1.3 million Estonia is one of the least populous members of the European Union.

The culture of Estonia incorporates indigenous heritage, as represented by the Estonian language and the sauna, with mainstream Nordic and European cultural aspects. Because of its history and geography, Estonia's culture has been influenced by the traditions of the adjacent area's various Finnic, Baltic, Slavic and Germanic peoples as well as the cultural developments in the former dominant powers Sweden and Russia.

The architectural history of Estonia mainly reflects its contemporary development in northern Europe. Worth mentioning is especially the architectural ensemble that makes out the medieval old town of Tallinn, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In addition, the country has several unique, more or less preserved hill forts dating from pre-Christian times, a large number of still intact medieval castles and churches, while the countryside is still shaped by the presence of a vast number of manor houses from earlier centuries.

Historically, the cuisine of Estonia has been heavily dependent on seasons and simple peasant food. Today, it includes many typical international foods. The most typical foods in Estonia are black bread, pork, potatoes, and dairy products. Traditionally in summer and spring, Estonians like to eat everything fresh – berries, herbs, vegetables, and everything else that comes straight from the garden. Hunting and fishing have also been very common, although currently hunting and fishing are enjoyed mostly as hobbies. Today, it is also very popular to grill outside in summer.

Traditionally in winter, jams, preserves, and pickles are brought to the table. Gathering and preserving fruits, mushrooms, and vegetables for winter has always been popular, but today gathering and preserving is becoming less common because everything can be bought from stores. However, preparing food for winter is still very popular in the countryside.

Estonia related tours

We at Monterrasol Travel welcome you to see Estonia during multi-day small group car tour. Contact us if you would like to customize your tour to Estonia.

We have developed several small group tours that visiting beautiful Estonia. But, if you have a special conditions or any from these tours fit you, please do not hesitate to contact us, we can organize a tour exactly as you would like. We charge nothing for develop a custom itinerary. And remember, we have no problems to take you from almost any place where you stay, hotel or private accommodation.


All seasons Baltic tour 21 days from Warsaw. UNESCO medieval towns and Teutonic Knights castles. Discovery tour across Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and north of Poland.

tour starts in: Warsaw, Poland

tour finishes in: Warsaw, Poland

tour duration: 21 days (20 nights)

tour countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland

tour destinations: Augustów, Gdańsk, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Kwidzyn, Liepāja, Malbork, Olsztyn, Ostroda, Pärnu, Reszel, Riga, Sopot, Sztum, Tallinn, Tartu, Trakai, Ventspils, Vilnius, Święta Lipka

Discover Baltic in 21 days all seasons tour from Warsaw. Open to yourself three Baltic countries Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and north of Poland. Visit UNESCO Teutonic Knights castles and medieval European towns. We will start this tour in Warsaw, Poland and visit Augustow on the north of Poland, well known town for relaxing vacations. After that we going to Lithuania, where in Kaunas we need to see a medieval fortress with historical exhibitions and located in old town Kaunas Cathedral Basilica; continue with Lithuania, we will walk in Klaipeda castle. After we move to Latvia to see historical center of two coastal towns Liepaja and Ventspils, and old town of Latvia's capital Riga (UNESCO site). Next we will move to third Baltic country, Estonia, and first place there is historic center of town Parnu and Estonia's capital Tallinn (UNESCO site). We will visit also the cafe-filled Town Hall Square of Tartu, the town famous with 17th century University. On the way back, again in Lithuania, we will meet the country's capital, Vilnius (UNESCO site) and walk the paths of Trakai castle, located on small peninsula in lake. As we return back to Poland, we will visit small village Swieta Lipka, famous church there have unique still active working organ. We will see medieval castles in Reszel, Olsztyn, Ostroda, and finally walk the streets of Malbork castle, the UNESCO site founded in the 13th century by the Knights of the Teutonic Order. Before we return to Warsaw, we will visit also coastal towns Gdansk and Sopot, and take a look on smaller castles in towns Sztum and Kwidzyn.

all seasons tour

21 days

Price from € 3,251

 




Why travel with us

Are our tours right for you?

Why travel with Monterrasol?




Maybe you want?

Create your own custom tour

Order a transfer




Recently added tours

October 10, 2021 All seasons 11 days Croatia and Bosnia UNESCO sites tour from Zagreb to Dubrovnik. The most important UNESCO towns of Dalmatian coast and Bosnia.

October 4, 2021 All seasons Balkans road trip 15 days via Croatia Bosnia Montenegro from Zagreb. Balkans Adriatic coast discovery tour via 3 countries.

September 29, 2021 Bosnia discovery all seasons 3 days tour from Dubrovnik. Trebinje, Tvrdos, Blagaj, Mostar, Medjugorje, Kravica, Pocitelj, Mogorjelo.

September 24, 2021 All seasons 3 days Bosnia mini tour from Makarska. Pocitelj, Mostar, Sarajevo, Bosnian Pyramids, Travnik.

September 19, 2021 All seasons Bosnia discovery 3 days tour from Trebinje. Bosnia UNESCO town Mostar and Blagaj, Pocitelj, Vjetrenica, Zavala, Medjugorje, Stolac.




Recently added places

September 11, 2021 Perast, Montenegro. Perast is a small picturesque town on the Bay of Kotor in Montenegro. It is situated a few kilometers from Kotor and is noted for its coast and proximity to two islets, islet of St. George and islet Our Lady of the Rocks.

September 6, 2021 Malbork, Poland. Malbork is a town in northern Poland, within the historical region of Pomerelia. The town was built in Prussia around the castle Ordensburg Marienburg, which was founded in 1274 by the Teutonic Knights. Both the castle and the town (named Marienburg in German and Malborg or Malbork in Polish) were named for their patron saint, the Virgin Mary.

June 27, 2021 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is the third-largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is a modern multicultural city with rich history goes back to the 9th century, in touristic meaning the most known for salt lake.

June 2, 2021 Červená Lhota (Cervena Lhota), Czechia. Červená Lhota is a picturesque Renaissance castle in south Bohemia, Czech Republic. The castle stands at the middle of a lake on a rocky island. The name Červená Lhota meaning "red lhota" can be explained by the colour of the castle's bright-red roof tiles. There is also a park, where the Chapel of the Holy Trinity is located.

May 17, 2021 Gjirokastër (Gjirokaster), Albania. Gjirokastër is a city in southern Albania, in a valley between mountains, at 300 metres above sea level. Its old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, described as "a rare example of a well-preserved Ottoman town, built by farmers of large estate". The city is overlooked by Gjirokastër Fortress.






About us

Places we know

Tours we created

Transfers we offer

Contact us

Our pre-designed small group tours

Create your own custom tour

Order a transfer

Think on future: think on another place

Our library: materials about travel and for travellers

Slow Tourism philosophy

Tours conditions

Privacy policy

Terms and Conditions


 

Follow us! Monterrasol Travel small group tours Instagram   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Twitter   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Facebook   Monterrasol Travel small group tours Pinterest

 

Site version: 3.1 Enhanced (25-August-2021 update) [Small group tours] on

© copyright Monterrasol Travel team